'Extended Producer' means electrical and electronic equipment, whole or in
part discarded as waste by the consumer or bulk consumer as well
as rejects from manufacturing, refurbishment and repair
E-waste, such as cellphone, Laptop, CPUs, contains harmful
chemicals/elements such as lead, cadmium, hexavalent chromium,
beryllium, or brominated flame retardants.
If not controlled it let to pollute/damage the environment factors
such as air, water, animal and human beings.
Informal recycling and inappropriate disposal of e-waste involve
significant risk to health of workers and society. Care must be
taken to avoid unsafe exposure in recycling operations and leaking
of materials such as heavy metals from landfills and incinerator
Deshwal Waste Management
In effect since 1st day of October, 2016 the government has provided an extended number of comprehensive guidelines that define and elaborate the producer’s role in handling of E-waste. These Extended Producer’s Responsibilities circumscribe a broader platform for the producers of electrical and electronic goods which ultimately leads to the generation of E-waste to attain a stronger foothold on our collective aim of dealing with this menace. Accordingly the government too, has provided with some set of notifications and guidelines for such producers to follow.
Extended Producer Responsibility - Authorisation comprises of general scheme for collection of E-waste from the Electrical and Electronic Equipment placed on the market earlier, such as through dealer, collection centres, Producer Responsibility Organisation, through buy-back arrangement etc. whether directly or through any authorised agency and channelizing the items so collected to authorised recyclers.
It calls for a pre-treatment of the E-waste with an objective of volume reduction and immobilisation of any mercury carrying content, if present.
The producers are expected to provide with contact details like address, email address, toll free numbers through both their websites and product documentations for queries as well as creating awareness with regards to proper usage and disposal. Hazardous content of the contents, their handling as well as disposal including their recycling should be highlighted through the available sources.
Another aspect of these responsibilities is maintaining records in Form-2 of the e-waste handled and make the same available for scrutiny by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) or the concerned State Pollution Control Board (SPCB) as well as filing the annual returns in Form-3, to the CPCB on or before the 30th day of June following the financial year to which that return relates.
The producer is given the option to implement these EPRs collectively or individually. In case of a collective system, producers may tie-up as a member with a Producer Responsibility Organisation or with e-waste exchange or both. It shall be mandatory upon on the individual producer in every case to seek Extended Producer Responsibility - Authorisation from CPCB.
The guidelines strictly demand adherence to these responsibilities and not doing the same is classified as “causing damage to the environment” by the government.
Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle are terms that most people commonly associate with items such as paper, plastic, and glass. The need to recycle these items is understood because of the global impact that they can have when their only purpose is to take up space in a landfill. But what about e-waste?According to facts presented by the Electronics Takeback Coalition “Electronic scrap components, such as CPUs, contain potentially harmful components such as lead, cadmium, beryllium, or brominated flame retardants.” Additional components such as mercury and arsenic can also be present. All elements listed can have severe human impact through exposure.The threat comes from exposure during recycling and disposal efforts. The harmful components listed above can leak into the ground as they are packed into landfills. They can also be released when the items are incinerated, a common method for disposal.